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Case study book (22) « Publications « Downloads

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  • Agriculture in Transition: The impact of agricultural commercialization on livelihoods and food access in the Lao PDR
    Agriculture in Transition: The impact of agricultural commercialization on livelihoods and food access in the Lao PDR
    Author:  WFP (World Food Programme)
    Producing Organization:  WFP (World Food Programme)
    Use Rights:  non copyrighted
    Availability:  Soft copy only
    Language:  English
    Type:  Case study
    Size:  1.45 MB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  agriculture, transition, commercialization, access, impact, vulnerability, scope, comprehensive.
    Summary:  

    The aim of this study is to identify what is known about agricultural commercialization in
    Laos. Using an adapted livelihoods framework, this study aims to make sense of the
    available information and contextualize it within the broader forces of change.

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  • Aquatic Organism utilized by Farmers in Rice-based Ecosystems 2016
    Aquatic Organism utilized by Farmers in Rice-based Ecosystems   2016
    Author:  Amphone Chanthavang . Fuevue Chertchai.Ole S. Pedersen .Bouphan Yoysaykham
    Producing Organization:  DAFO, Phoukout .Agro-biodiversity Project (MAF/FAO/UNDP/GEF) .National Consultant
    Use Rights:  No Copyrights
    Availability:  Softcopy only
    Language:  english
    Type:  Report
    Size:  1.52 MB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  paddy eco-system. nutrition. xieng khuang. aquatic organisms
    Summary:  

    In Lao PDR, the rural population has a long tradition of making use of the animal and plant aquatic organisms from the paddy rice based ecosystem. These organisms are an important part of the agro-biodiversity and an essential contribution to food security and a balanced diet. However, existing information is limited and often relying on interviews only and rarely accompanied with photographic documentation and scientific names.

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  • China’s ‘Developmental Outsourcing’: A critical examination of Chinese global ‘land grabs’ discourse
    China’s ‘Developmental Outsourcing’: A critical examination of Chinese global ‘land grabs’ discourse
    Author:  Irna Hofman and Peter Ho
    Producing Organization:  Publisher: Routledge Taylor and Franci Group
    Use Rights:  non copyrighted
    Availability:  Soft copy only
    Language:  English
    Type:  Case study
    Size:  727.44 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  china’s expansion; going global; property; fdi; soft power; economicdiplomacy; globalization
    Summary:  

    This paper does not aim to provide definitive answers, yet intends to scrutinize the data and re-examine the ‘land grabbing’
    discourse. This will be done by studying land-based investments in terms of incidence, size and geographical dispersion over 1949-2011. Where relevant and possible, other variables such as the investor, data source, investment type
    and outcome will be discussed. Lastly, we will also discuss the data quality and reliability.

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  • FIFTH NATIONAL REPORT ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY 2016
    FIFTH NATIONAL REPORT ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY 2016
    Author:  Department of Forest Resources Management
    Producing Organization:  IUCN. GEF.UNEP
    Use Rights:  No Copyrights
    Availability:  Softcopy only
    Language:  English
    Type:  Report
    Size:  3.11 MB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  biodiverse species national protected area deforestation laws
    Summary:  

    The Lao PDR is one of the most biodiverse countries in Southeast Asia, with on-going discoveries
    of new and large species. For example, 28 new species were discovered in 2014. The great range of biodiversity exists thanks to the Lao PDR’s abundance of forest and water resources, which cover the entire length of the country

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  • Indigenous Peoples’ and land: Comparing communal land titling and its implications in Cambodia and Laos
    Indigenous Peoples’ and land: Comparing communal land titling and its implications in Cambodia and Laos
    Author:  Ian G. Baird
    Producing Organization:  Asia Pacific view point
    Use Rights:  © 2013 Victoria University of Wellington and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
    Availability:  Soft copy only
    Language:  English
    Type:  Case study
    Size:  318.91 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  cambodia, communal land titling, indigeneity, indigenous peoples, land tenure, laos
    Summary:  

    In Laos does at least
    indicate that more is potentially possible in relation
    to communal land rights than what has so
    far been achieved in Cambodia, both for Indigenous
    and non-Indigenous Peoples.

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  • Measuring participation: Case studies on village land use planning in northern Lao PDR
    Measuring participation: Case studies on village land use planning in northern Lao PDR
    Author:  FLSEVIER, APPLIED GEOGRAPHY
    Producing Organization:  Guillaume Lestrelin , Jeremy Bourgoin , Bounthanom Bouahom
    Use Rights:   2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Availability:  Soft copy only
    Language:  English
    Type:  Case study
    Size:  1.24 MB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  land use planning, sustainable, development, case studies, lao pdr
    Summary:  

    In this regard, the experimental approach for monitoring participation applied in this study can provide an alternative. As
    participation is the cornerstone of planning and development initiatives, it is essential that participation management is not
    relegated to a complacent assessment.

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  • Poverty ‐ Environment Initiative (PEI) Lao PDR Issues Brief 01‐2012: Ecosystem services and poverty alleviation: A case study of land use in Oudomxay province
    Poverty ‐ Environment Initiative (PEI) Lao PDR Issues Brief 01‐2012: Ecosystem services and poverty alleviation: A case study of land use in Oudomxay province
    Author:  UNDP, UNEP
    Producing Organization:  UNDP, UNEP
    Use Rights:  non copyrighted
    Availability:  Soft copy only
    Language:  English
    Type:  Case study
    Size:  1.23 MB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  poverty, ‐environment, initiative, ecosystem, lao pdr, land use in oudomxay province
    Summary:  

    This study, led by the National Economic Research institute, suggests that current agricultural land uses promoted for poverty alleviation will have to be
    improved if they are also to contribute towards the broader sustainable development goals of Lao PDR. Measures to mitigate the potential
    environmental impacts of commercial agriculture plantations must be integrated into the land use and farming practice. In the case of the traditional
    land uses, value‐added options and alternative environmentally friendly income generating activities should be promoted with the farmers.

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  • ການຊົດເຊີຍຄ່າ ເສຍຫາຍຈາກການຖົມດິນແລະນ້ຳ ຖ້ວມນາ ຂອງປະ ຊາຊົນ
    ການຊົດເຊີຍຄ່າ ເສຍຫາຍຈາກການຖົມດິນແລະນ້ຳ ຖ້ວມນາ ຂອງປະ ຊາຊົນ
    Author:  ມະນີວອນ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  1.41 MB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  case book, compensation, flooding
    Summary:  

    ກໍລະນີສຶກສານີ້ກໍເພື່ອສຶກສາເຖິ່ງຂັ້ນຕອນທີ່ດຳເນີນການປະຊາສຳພັນ,ການປະສານງານກ່ອນກໍ່ສ້າງທີ່ເປັນຊ່ອງວາງຂອງຂໍ້ມູນແລະກາຍເປັນສາຍເຫດຂອງຄວາມບໍ່ພໍໃຈ.ສຸດທ້າຍ, ກໍນຳໄປສູ່ຄວາມ ຂັດແຍ່ງລະຫວ່າງປະຊາຊົນແລະຜູ້ພັດທະນາໂຄງການ.ນອກນີ້ຍັງໄດ້ສຶກສາບົດບາດຂອງການຊົດ ເຊີຍຄ່າເສຍຫາຍຕໍ່ເນື້ອທີ່ທຳການຜະລິດຂອງປະຊາຊົນທີ່ບໍ່​ມີ​ຄວາມ​ເໝາະ​ສົມ

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  • ການຮ່ວມມືທີ່ບໍ່ ສອດຄ່ອງ ແລະ ບໍ່ ຍຸດຕິທຳໃນວຽກ ງານເຮັດໃຫ້ການ ພັດທະນາ
    ການຮ່ວມມືທີ່ບໍ່ ສອດຄ່ອງ ແລະ ບໍ່ ຍຸດຕິທຳໃນວຽກ ງານເຮັດໃຫ້ການ ພັດທະນາ
    Author:  ເຊັງສຸກ ເຊັງຢາງ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  959.29 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  case book
    Summary:  

    ເພື່ອນຳສະເໜີກ່ຽວກັບຂໍ້ຂັດແຍ່ງລະຫວ່າງຊາວບ້ານທີ່ເຮັດວຽກເປັນກຳມະກອນຢູ່ໃນສວນຢາງກັບບໍລິສັດຢາງພາລາຊຶ່ງຂໍ້ຂັດແຍ່ງດັ່ງກ່າວຍັງບໍ່ສາມາດທີ່ແກ້ໄຂໄດ້ໂດຍຊາວບ້ານໃຫ້ເຫດຜົນວ່າເຈົ້າບໍ່ໄດ້ຮັບຄ່າຈ້າງຄົບຖ້ວນແລະຖືກຳກັດສິດໃນການຜະລິດກະສິກຳສ່ວນວ່າບໍລິສັດພັດໃຫ້ເຫດ ຜົນວ່າຊາວບ້ານເຮັດວຽກບໍ່ມີປະສິດທິພາບ,ຄວາມສາມາດຕໍ່າເຮັດວຽກບໍ່ເຕັມເວລາ

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  • ການແກ້ໄຂຂໍ້ຂັດ ແຍ່ງຂອງປະຂາຊົນຕໍ່ກັບທີ່ດິນແລະ ເຮືອນ
    ການແກ້ໄຂຂໍ້ຂັດ ແຍ່ງຂອງປະຂາຊົນຕໍ່ກັບທີ່ດິນແລະ ເຮືອນ
    Author:  ສົມສະນິດ ພູດາວົງ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  600.64 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  case book, conflict namagement, land, house
    Summary:  

    ກໍລະນີສຶກສານີ້ສະ​ແດງກ່ຽວກັບບັນຫາຄວາມຂັດ ແຍ່ງກຳມະສິດທີ່ດີນແລະເຮືອນລະຫວ່າງປະຊາ ຊົນດ້ວຍກັນ.ການຕັດສິນຄະດີຂອງສານແຕ່ລະ ຂັ້ນວ່າມີຄວາມຖືກຕ້ອງແລະສອດຄ່ອງກັບສະ ພາບຄວາມເປັນຈິງຂອງຄະດີແລະສອດຄ່ອງຕາມລະບຽບກົດໝາຍ

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  • ຂໍແບ່ງມູນມໍລະດົກ
    ຂໍແບ່ງມູນມໍລະດົກ
    Author:  ດາວວົງ ພົມພັກດີ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  605.78 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  ຂໍແບ່ງມູນມໍລະດົກ
    Summary:  

    ການຂໍແບ່ງປັນມູນມໍລະດົກທີ່ເກີດຂຶ້ນຢູ່ບ້ານທ່ານາ, ເມືອງຫາດຊາຍຟອງ, ນະຄອນຫຼວງວຽງຈັນ, ທີ່ບໍ່ລົງລອຍກັນຂອງສອງກໍ້າສອງຝ່າຍຕ້ອງໄດ້ຮ້ອງຟ້ອງໄປຮອດຂະບວນການຍຸຕິທຳ.

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  • ຂໍ້ຂັດແຍ່ງໃນການສືບທອດແລະແບ່ງ ປັນ ມູນມໍລະດົກ
    ຂໍ້ຂັດແຍ່ງໃນການສືບທອດແລະແບ່ງ ປັນ ມູນມໍລະດົກ
    Author:  ບຸນສົງ ບຸບຜາ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  566.88 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  case book, land, conflict, inherited
    Summary:  
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  • ຂໍ້ຂັດແຍ່ງໃບຕາດິນທີ່ເປັນສິນສົມສ້າງ
    ຂໍ້ຂັດແຍ່ງໃບຕາດິນທີ່ເປັນສິນສົມສ້າງ
    Author:  ນີອອນ ໄຊຍະຈັກ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  697.77 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  marriage, conflict, case book, accumulate
    Summary:  

    ແມ່ນ​ບົດ​ສຶກສາໜຶ່ງ​ ຈາກ​ເຫດການ​ທີ່​ເກີດ​ຕົວ​ຈິງທີ່​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບການອອກໃບຕາດິນຂອງໃນບ້ານຫຼັກຫ້າ ສິບສອງເມືອງໂພນໂຮງແຂວງວຽງຈັນໄດ້ຂັດ​ແຍ່ງ​ກັນ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ມູນ​ມໍຣະດົກ​ໃນ​ການ​ແບ່ງປັນ​ທີ່​ເກີດ​ຈາກ​ການ​ຢ່າ​ຮ້າງ,

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  • ຄົນເດືອດຮ້ອນຍ້ອນການປ່ຽນບຶງມາເປັນນາ
    ຄົນເດືອດຮ້ອນຍ້ອນການປ່ຽນບຶງມາເປັນນາ
    Author:  ສົມພົງ ບຸນພາສີ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  997.99 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  conflict, case book, swamp
    Summary:  

    ແມ່ນ​ບົດ​ສຶກສາໜຶ່ງ​ ຈາກ​ເຫດການ​ທີ່​ເກີດ​ຕົວ​ຈິງທີ່​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບການຫັນປ່ຽນ​ປະ​ເພດ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ຈາກ​ດິນ​ບໍລິ​ເວນ​ນ້ຳມາ​ເປັນເປັນດິນກະສິກຳ(ດິນ​ນາ). ​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ປະຊາຊົນ​ຢູ່​ອ້ອມ​ຂ້າງ​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຜົນ​ກະທົບ​ຈາກ​ສາ​ເຫດ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ

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  • ຊີວິດໃໝ່
    ຊີວິດໃໝ່
    Author:  ຄຳຫຼ້າ ເຟື້ອງມະນີວົງ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  896.97 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  ຊີວິດໃໝ່
    Summary:  

    ​ແມ່ນ​ບົດ​ສຶກສາໜຶ່ງ​ ຈາກ​ເຫດການ​ທີ່​ເກີດ​ຕົວ​ຈິງ​ໃນ​ຕົວ​ເມືອງ​ຫີນ​ເຫີບ ​ແຂວງ​ວຽງ​ຈັນ ​ໃນ​ການ​ກໍ່ສ້າງ​ຂົວ ​ແລ້ວ​ຖືກ​ໂຄງການ​ຂອງ​ລັດ​ໄດ້​ເວນ​ຄືນ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ຕອນ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ ​​ເປັນສາ​ເຫດເຮັດ​ໃຫ​້ວິຖີ​ຊີວິດ​ຂອງ​ປະຊາຊົນ​ທີ່​ຖືກ​ໂຄງການ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ​ປ່ຽນ​ແປງ​ໄປ​ສູ່​ຊີວິດ​ໃໝ່

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  • ນິເວດວິທະຍາຖືກ ໄລ່ລ້າ
    ນິເວດວິທະຍາຖືກ ໄລ່ລ້າ
    Author:  ວິມົນລັດ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  641.8 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  case book, rubber tree, effect, ecology
    Summary:  

    ແມ່ນ​ບົດ​ສຶກສາໜຶ່ງ​ ຈາກ​ເຫດການ​ທີ່​ເກີດ​ຕົວ​ຈິງ ​ໃນບ້ານແສນອາດ,ເມືອງໃຫມ່,ແຂວງຜົ້ງສາລີ ເປັນບ້ານຊົນເຜ່ົາຂະມຸ​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຜົນ​ກະທົບ​ຕໍ່​ການ​ດຳລົງ​ຊີວິດຈາກ​ການ​ສຳ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ຂອງບໍລິ ສັດຈງົທຽນລຸຍເຢມາລົງທຶນປກູຢາງພາລາ​ໂດຍ​ຂາດ​ຂອດ​ປະສານ​ງານ ​ແລະຈັດ​ສັນ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ໃຫ້​ແກ່​ປະຊາຊົນ​ຄຸ້ມ​ຄອງ​ນຳ​ໃຊ້​ໃນ​ການ​ຜະລິດ​ຮັບ​ໃຊ້​ຊີວິດ​ການ​​ເປັນ​ຢູ່

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  • ບັນຫາປາຕາຍຢູ່ ໜອງຫານ
    ບັນຫາປາຕາຍຢູ່ ໜອງຫານ
    Author:  ອຸ່ນແກ້ວ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  1.02 MB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  case book, dying fish
    Summary:  

    ແມ່ນ​ບົດ​ສຶກສາໜຶ່ງ​ ຈາກ​ເຫດການ​ທີ່​ເກີດ​ຕົວ​ຈິງ ​ໃນບ້ານນາທາມ ​ເມືອງ​ໄຊ​ທານີນະຄອນຫລວງ ວຽງ​ຈັນທີ່​ເກີດ​ບັນຫາປາຕາຍຫນອງຫານ ​ເກີດ​ຈາກ​ການ​ປ່ອຍ​ນ້ຳ​ເປ​ັນພິດ​ຈາກ​ໂຮງງານ​ທີ່​ບໍ່​ຜ່ານ​ການກ​ຳຈັດ​ລະບົບ​ນ້ຳ​ເສຍ ​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ປະຊາຊົນ​ອາຊີບ​ຫາ​ປາ ​ແລະລະບົບ​ນິ​ເວດ​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຜົນ​ເສຍ​ຫາຍ​ຢ່າງ​ຫລວງຫລາຍ

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  • ຢາງແປກຊຽງຂວາງ
    ຢາງແປກຊຽງຂວາງ
    Author:  ທ່ານ ວິຫັນ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  583.4 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  case study, conflict, book, harvasting, pine tree
    Summary:  

    ແມ່ນ​ບົດ​ສຶກສາໜຶ່ງ​ ຈາກ​ເຫດການ​ທີ່​ເກີດ​ຕົວ​ຈິງ​ ທີ່​ເກີດຂຶ້ນໃນບ້ານທ່າລິນເປັນບ້ານເຜົ່າມົ້ງຕັ້ງຢູ່ ໃນເຂດນ້ຳພານ, ເມືອງຄູນ, ແຂວງຊຽງຂວາງ. ທີ່​ລັດຖະບານ​ກໍ່​ຄື​ອຳນາດ​ການ​ປົກຄອງ​ອະນຸມັດ​ໃຫ້​ບໍລິສັດ​ສຳ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ປ່າ​ໄມ້​ທີ່​ເປັນ​ປ່າ​ແປກ ​ໂດຍ​ຂູດ​ຢາງ​ໄມ້​ແປກ ​ແລ້ວ​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ປະຊາຊົນ​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຜົນ​ກະທົບ​ຕໍ່​ການ​ດຳລົງ​ຊີວິດ​ຂອງ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າຕໍ່​ກັບຄ່າ​ແຮງ​ງານ​ໃນ​ການ​ຂູດ​ຢາງບໍ່ກຸ່ມ​ຄ່າ​ກັບ​ການ​ຄ່າ​ຄອງ​ຊີບ

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  • ເບິ່ງຫົວຊ້າງໃຫ້ເຫັນ ຫາງ
    ເບິ່ງຫົວຊ້າງໃຫ້ເຫັນ ຫາງ
    Author:  ເອກວິໄນ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  536.71 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  case book, land concession, conflict, approval documents
    Summary:  

    ແມ່ນ​ບົດ​ສຶກສາໜຶ່ງ​ ຈາກ​ເຫດການ​ທີ່​ເກີດ​ຕົວ​ຈິງໃນຄອບຄົວດຣ. ວັນນະວົງຣາຊະກຸນ​ເມືອງ​ໂພນ​ໂຮງ ​ແຂວງ​ວຽງ​ຈັນ,ໄດ້ຮັບ​ຜົນ​ກະທົບ​ຈາກ​ການ​ສຳ​ປະທານ​ທີ່​ດິນ​ຂອງ​ບໍລິສັດ​ກະສາ​ດລາວ ຕໍ່ກັບກຳມະສິດຂອງ​ຜູ້ກ່ຽວ ​ແລ້ວ​ທາງ​ອຳນາດ​ການ​ປົກຄອງ​ແຂວງ​ ບໍ່​ທັນ​ເພີ​ມ່ຄວາມ​ສາມາດ​ແກ້​ໄຂ​ບັນ​

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  • ເອົາໃຈເພິ່ນມາໃສ່ ໃຈໂຕ
    ເອົາໃຈເພິ່ນມາໃສ່ ໃຈໂຕ
    Author:  ທອງວັນ ປັນຍາວົງ
    Producing Organization:  VFI , MONRE
    Use Rights:  
    Availability:  Soft copy only/ມີພຽງແຕ່ຟາຍສຳລັບດາວໂຫຼດ
    Language:  Lao
    Type:  Case study book
    Size:  799.99 kB
    Published Date:  
    Tags:  ເອົາໃຈເພິ່ນມາໃສ່ ໃຈໂຕ
    Summary:  

    ກໍລະນີສຶກສານີ້ຈະນຳສະເໜີກ່ຽວກັບບັນຫາການບໍ່ປະຕິບັດກົດລະບຽບຂອງປະຊາຊົນທີ່ເຫັນຜົນປະໂຫຍດຕົນເອງຫລາຍເກີນໄປໂດຍບໍ່ຄຳນຶງເຖິງຈິດໃຈຄົນອ້ອມຂ້າງແລະບັນຫາທີ່ຂະແໜງການທີ່ ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງຍັງບໍ່ເຂັ້ມງວດໃນການເຜີຍແຜ່ແລະ ກວດກາໄດ້ດີເທົ່າທີ່ຄວນ.

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